Tell the copyright owner where their work will be distributed.
The Copyright of Your Thesis or Dissertation
Students at CUA are advised that copyright applies to all theses and dissertations, symbol or no, and to consult and follow copyright law when using materials created by others. For information on when use of someone else's material may be used without permission under the"fair use" doctrine, see . If you decide that the "fair use" doctrine may not apply to your proposed use, then you need to obtain permission from the copyright owner. The Kenneth Crews guide referred to above discusses when permission is needed, and contains a
The ownership of the copyright of the thesis rests with the author.
We also recommend registration of copyright with the U.S. Copyright Office. Registration is required before an infringement lawsuit may be filed, and it grants the author the right to receive statutory damages and attorney's fees in an infringement action. When you publish your dissertation, ProQuest can, for an additional fee, file the copyright registration forms for you. The dissertation author authorizes ProQuest to register the copyright by filling out and signing the appropriate section on the publication agreement form that s/he submits with the approved dissertation.
There are no hard-and-fast rules governing which materials can be used without permission. Different rules and norms govern different forms of media and different reasons for their use. Permission must be obtained when using any of the following: maps, drawings, tables, figures, photographs, sound files, and video clips, among others. If an executable software program is included, even if it is shareware, the license agreement must be checked and permission must be obtained from the copyright owner in order to use it. Material posted on Web sites, whether text, graphics, images, or video, is considered published material. Copyright is implied, so permission must be obtained to use it in the published thesis or dissertation. If parts of the thesis or dissertation were previously published, copyright may have been assigned to the publisher. Check the publication agreement to see if permission must be obtained to use all or part of the article in the published thesis or dissertation.Once it is determined that permission to use copyrighted materials must be obtained, contact the copyright holder by mail or e-mail and request permission. When publishing the thesis or dissertation as an ETD, it is essential to indicate that it will be published electronically by the University of Pittsburgh.Copyright protection exists from the moment a work is created in fixedor tangibleform, and authors automatically hold the copyright to their material (authors may thereafter transfer their rights to other parties, as they commonly do in publishing contracts). Protection, however, exists only for the particular expression of ideas, not for the ideas themselves, so only verbatim use of copyrighted material need be cleared. Yet authors are free to quote even verbatim small amounts of copyrighted published material under the doctrine of fair use.As an author of a dissertation and many times a thesis, as well, you will be required to submit your work to ProQuest, a company who collects, organizes and disseminates dissertations from universities across the country. In order for ProQuest to accept your work, you will have to sign an agreement with them. This agreement is a non-exclusive license which authorizes them to use your work as described in the agreement. With a non-exclusive license, you retain the copyright to your work. You do not assign it to them. ProQuest has a that explains copyright in detail.